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Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: When he was running for president, candidate Donald Trump said he had a foolproof plan to defeat ISIS, but he would keep it secret. Well, now he is President-elect Trump, and the National Security Establishment is looking for details. A new commission has some ideas to offer. Its co-chair, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, spoke with NPR's Mary Louise Kelly. MARY LOUISE KELLY, BYLINE: Page one of the...

In the summer of '65, Leonard Cohen, the great poet-singer who died last week, spent many happy hours in a warehouse by the St Lawrence River in his hometown, Montreal. As he watched the boats go by, his friend, a young bohemian dancer named Suzanne Verdal, whose warehouse it was, served him tea and oranges that came all the way from China. Or so he famously sang in his 1967 debut single, " Suzanne ." The haunting ballad would launch Cohen's musical career, taking him from a minor poet and...

The angular steel and concrete skeleton of Egypt's huge new museum rises up on the Giza plains, in sight of the pyramids that inspired it. When it opens next year, visitors to the Grand Egyptian Museum will be able to see the Great Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Menkaure through the glass wall that fronts the galleries. The back wall will be made partly of alabaster, meant to glow like a jewel in the setting sun. Like the pyramids on the horizon, there is nothing modest about this museum...

The State Department has opened up a transition office, but that ground-floor corner office in Washington's Foggy Bottom neighborhood is quiet for now as diplomats await news of their new boss. Donald Trump's pick for secretary of state could tell a lot about the direction he will take U.S. foreign policy. At the moment, all eyes are on former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani, a longtime friend of Trump and strong backer throughout the campaign. He's an unlikely candidate with little foreign...

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zbpJqAlHJ6U In Chernobyl, the site of the world's worst nuclear disaster, a giant protective shield is slowly being moved into place a couple of feet at a time. The concrete and steel arch is billed as the "largest movable land-based structure ever built," and it is seen as an important step toward ultimately securing and dismantling the still dangerous reactor. The shield, which was built over several years in the shadow of the Chernobyl reactor, is designed to...

Airstrikes pounded the embattled eastern side of Aleppo, which is controlled by rebels, after several weeks of relative calm in the northern Syrian city. The Syrians and their Russian allies have heavily bombed the eastern part of Aleppo, though it was not immediately clear who carried out the renewed attacks. Russia declared a humanitarian pause to the bombings about a month ago. The operation began just hours after U.S. President-elect Donald Trump and Russian President Vladmir Putin had a...

Trump's America: A Hostile Place For Huddled Masses

Nov 15, 2016

I was in a Brooklyn coffee shop when a woman, an apparent regular, leaned over to the barista and relayed an unnerving scene she witnessed on the subway: A Muslim man asked another passenger what stop to take for the ferry to the Statue of Liberty. The passenger, a white man, responded, "Why, so you can go bomb it?" The Muslim man explained that he was on vacation and that he'd always dreamed of taking his family to see the landmark. Other passengers joined in with the first one, taunting the...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. DAVID GREENE, HOST: And let's turn now to our colleague in Iraq who's been watching as Iraqi security forces keep up their fight to take the city of Mosul from ISIS. The extremists have held that city for more than two years now. Tens of thousands have been fleeing the fighting there. And some of those escaping now have been able to reunite with relatives who got out long ago. So NPR's Alice Fordham has seen moments of joy amid all...

One of the promises Donald Trump made on the campaign trail was to dismantle or renegotiate the U.S. deal with Iran that limits its nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief. If he makes good on that promise, it won't be the first time a Republican administration has walked away from an arms deal negotiated by Democrats. In 1994 the Clinton administration struck a deal with North Korea that essentially would freeze Pyongyang's nuclear program in exchange for aid. The so-called Agreed...

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVHdu4Br3Ds Donald Trump's election has sent tremors through America's refugee advocate community, and caused fear and uncertainty among the most recently resettled refugees, the Syrians. They listened with alarm as candidate Trump called them "terrorists" and blamed them, incorrectly, for violent attacks in America. "That rhetoric has had an impact," says Becca Heller, director of the International Refugee Assistance Project , a legal aid program. "Trump has...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. DAVID GREENE, HOST: President Obama is in Greece, the start of what could be his last foreign trip as president. At a press conference this morning with the Greek prime minister, Obama was asked about Britain's Brexit vote and also about the election of Donald Trump, asked to summarize what the message is voters are sending. (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING) PRES BARACK OBAMA: We have to deal with issues like inequality. We have to...

The devastation in floods, earthquakes or droughts is generally measured by how much stuff or assets people lose — say the number of wrecked houses and the dollar amount it would take to rebuild them. In the course of a year, that adds up to a lot of money: $300 billion by some accounts. But a new report from a research group at the World Bank says the toll could be a lot more if it were to look beyond stuff that's lost and see how livelihoods are affected, particularly for a country's...

Among the many unknowns hanging over this presidential transition: the fate of the U.S. military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. President Obama has sworn to close it; President-elect Trump wants to fill it up again. Obama has been promising the closure will happen since his second day in office in 2009. In February, he repeated that pledge one more time, saying, "I'm absolutely committed to closing the detention facility at Guantanamo." That same day, at a campaign rally in Sparks, Nevada,...

An experimental vaginal ring that continuously releases the anti-HIV drug dapivirine has the potential to save lives. But what's it going to do to sex lives? That's a question researchers posed as part of the ASPIRE study, which tested the flexible silicone rings with women ages 18 to 45 living in Malawi, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe. And it's a practical one, explains Dr. Anthony Fauci , director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, which funded ASPIRE. The less...

An elite Chinese fighter pilot died Saturday in a training accident, Chinese media reports. The pilot, Yu Xu, was particularly well known because she was the first woman to fly the country's most advanced fighter jet, the J-10, and was a member of the elite aerobatic team known as the August 1st Air Demonstration Team, according to the state-run, English-language China Daily newspaper. Chinese news reports did not describe the cause of the accident, saying only that both Yu and her co-pilot...

For decades Freedom House has been ranking the world on free speech, political and civil rights. In recent years, this nongovernmental organization has extended its research into the state of the Internet. And for the sixth consecutive year, it has found Internet freedom on a decline. In 2013 , it was a rise in surveillance. In 2014 , governments shifted more from behind-the-scenes control to overt repression and arrests. In 2015 , it was more of the same, plus a push against encryption. Over...

Last fall, I was an American college student in Paris, studying international security and terrorism. I knew when I chose Paris that it would be an excellent place to further my studies, but I did not expect to experience the subject first-hand. Everyone I met in Paris felt safe there, whether they were other Americans or French. I had one friend who felt safer in Paris than she felt in Austin, Texas, where we attended the University of Texas. We all thought our discussions about terrorism...

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange began facing questions from prosecutors Monday in connection with sex-crime allegations dating back to 2010. Swedish authorities have been trying for years to question Assange. They say they need to interview him before making a decision about whether to press charges in the case, which began when two women accused Assange of sexual misconduct, including rape, in Sweden. Assange, who denies the accusations, took refuge at the Ecuadorean Embassy in London four...

After a powerful earthquake struck New Zealand on Sunday, several vital railroads and highways have been destroyed, stranding more than a thousand people in the affected region. At least two people died in the Sunday night earthquake, which was magnitude 7.8 and triggered a small tsunami. Since then, visitors and residents alike have also been grappling with a series of aftershocks — including several at magnitude 6.0 or higher. Stuart Cohen, reporting for NPR from Sydney, said military...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. DAVID GREENE, HOST: Out on the campaign trail, President-elect Donald Trump promised to overturn decades of U.S. foreign policy and name Jerusalem as Israel's capital. The U.S., like much of the international community, has its embassy in Tel Aviv and does not recognize Jerusalem as the Israeli capital, arguing that its status needs to be resolved through negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis. This is a contentious issue...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. DAVID GREENE, HOST: Iraqi forces are slowly moving into the city of Mosul and they are facing fierce resistance from Islamic State fighters. Next door in Syria, local forces have just begun their own operations to recapture the city of Raqqa, the de facto capital of ISIS. NPR's Tom Bowman takes a step back and looks at the efforts by the United States to manage this massive operation. And he reports that while there are military...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit NPR . MICHEL MARTIN, HOST: We move now to the continent of Africa. While there are more questions than answers about President-elect Donald Trump's foreign policy priorities, Africa has barely registered on his radar, at least publicly. Apart from some provocative comments about Muslims and immigration, very little is known of Mr. Trump's views about the continent. However, Africa seems to have some views already about Donald Trump. NPR's Africa...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. MICHEL MARTIN, HOST: Now let's spend some time looking at how Donald Trump's election has been received in a number of world capitals. First to Mexico. The president-elect's pledge to rip up the North American Free Trade Agreement, which he repeated often, has gotten much attention there. While it isn't clear how far Donald Trump can or will go to fulfill that promise, Mexicans are already getting a taste of what that could mean...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. MICHEL MARTIN, HOST: More on international reaction now. Over the past several years, U.S.-Russia relations have deteriorated. But President-elect Trump and President Vladimir Putin say they are hoping to forge stronger ties. And that worries some of Russia's neighbors. Baltic states Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are all NATO members, and they are nervous about Trump's criticisms of NATO, especially as Russia seeks to weaken that...

On November 14 at a ceremony in Los Angeles, Bono will be honored as one of Glamour's Women of the Year . He's the first man to make the list. The internet has spent plenty of time tweeting and arguing about whether it's appropriate to give an award created for women to a man. We'll respectfully bow out of that debate. But we were interested in looking at the reasons for Bono's inclusion: His activism on global issues that often focus on women. The 57-year-old Irish rock star is...

A strong earthquake hit along the east coast of New Zealand's South Island Sunday, with a 7.8 magnitude, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The quake caused power outages, damaged buildings — and generated a tsunami. Emergency officials are urging people to get to high ground. "The tsunami threat is for the east coast of all New Zealand (including Christchurch, Wellington and the Chatham islands)," the Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management said Sunday, urging residents to...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. RACHEL MARTIN, HOST: European Union foreign ministers are meeting today in Brussels, and you can bet one of the main topics of conversation will be the new president-elect of the United States, Donald Trump. Trump's upset election has rattled the EU, the world's largest collective economy. That's because the European Union is built on principles like free trade and the free movement of people, the very things Trump repeatedly...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING) STING: (Singing) Roxanne, you don't have to put on the red light. RACHEL MARTIN, HOST: And of course that is Sting performing at the reopening of the Bataclan concert hall in Paris last night. A year ago, terrorists stormed the club during a concert, taking hostages for several hours and killing 90 people. Coordinated attacks that night across the city took the lives of 130 people. A year later, NPR...

Copyright 2016 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/. RACHEL MARTIN, HOST: Bagram Air Base, outside Kabul, Afghanistan, is among the most tightly secured military facilities in the world. Even so, yesterday, a man armed with a suicide bomb found a way into the base, detonated that bomb and killed four Americans. The Taliban has taken responsibility for the attack. NPR's Pentagon correspondent Tom Bowman joins me now in the studio to talk about this. Hi, Tom. TOM BOWMAN, BYLINE: Hey,...

What is Donald Trump's national security plan? Some things are clear: Trump supports billions of dollars in new Pentagon spending for military hardware. He'd permit more veterans to seek care outside the federal system of the Department of Veterans Affairs. He'd keep open the detention center at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Much else, however, is not. During Trump's campaign against Hillary Clinton, the candidates rarely talked about terrorism, Iraq, Syria or other issues, aside from using it as a...

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