World News

The Two-Way
1:30 pm
Tue November 5, 2013

On The Block: Gandhi's Spinning Wheel, Napoleon's Last Will

Mohandas K. (Mahatma) Gandhi shown using a spinning wheel in 1933 shortly after his release from prison.
Keystone Getty Images

A spinning wheel used by Indian independence leader Mohandas K. Gandhi to make "homespun" cloth as a protest against British rule, has been sold at auction in the U.K. for $180,000 – about twice as much as expected.

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The Two-Way
12:29 pm
Tue November 5, 2013

Why India's Mars Mission Is So Much Cheaper Than NASA's

The PSLV-C25, with India's Mars orbiter aboard, prior to Tuesday's launch at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in southern India.
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

Originally published on Tue November 5, 2013 2:33 pm

Former NASA Administrator Daniel Goldin pioneered a "faster, better, cheaper" approach to America's space program, but he would have been hard-pressed to deliver a Mars mission for the bargain-basement price of India's first probe to the red planet, which blasted off Tuesday.

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The Two-Way
10:41 am
Tue November 5, 2013

Toronto Mayor: 'Yes, I Have Smoked Crack Cocaine'

Toronto Mayor Rob Ford told members of the media to get off his property as he left his home in Toronto on Oct. 31.
Nathan Denette AP

Originally published on Wed November 6, 2013 3:26 am

"Yes I have smoked crack cocaine... Probably in one of my drunken stupors."

That's what embattled Toronto Mayor Rob Ford just dropped on the media during a surprise press conference just after noon ET on Tuesday.

According to The Toronto Star, Ford qualified:

" 'I am not an addict,' he told the media.

" 'I wasn't lying. You didn't ask the correct questions,' Ford explained to why the admission was so long in coming.

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Africa
9:54 am
Tue November 5, 2013

Reporter's Notebook: Ofeibea Quist-Arcton On Nigeria

Hundreds of people have been killed in northern Nigeria this year. The violence is blamed on Boko Haram, an extremist group that claims to be fighting against westernization. Host Michel Martin learns more from NPR's Africa correspondent Ofeibea Quist-Arcton, who recently visited the town where Boko Haram was born.

Parallels
9:53 am
Tue November 5, 2013

What Story Would You Like To See From Jerusalem?

NPR's Jerusalem correspondent Emily Harris gathers sounds in the Gaza Strip, where sewage is being pumped into the Mediterranean Sea.
Courtesy Emily Harris

Originally published on Sun November 10, 2013 10:21 am

Before I moved to Jerusalem to cover Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, I asked friends and acquaintances what they wanted to know about these places.

Everyone knew something about the long-running conflict, the repeat political players, and the ancient religions and the historic significance of the land. But people had plenty of questions, too.

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Parallels
9:06 am
Tue November 5, 2013

In Congo's Long-Running War, Rebels Call Off Insurgency

Leaders of the M23 rebel group gather near the eastern city of Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo, in June. The group, which recently suffered several military defeats, announced Tuesday it was calling off its nearly 2-year-old rebellion.
AFP AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Tue November 5, 2013 2:19 pm

There's rare good news from the Democratic Republic of Congo, a country that has hosted one of the world's deadliest and longest-running wars.

M23, the most active rebel group in the country, said it was laying down its weapons and ending a nearly 2-year-old rebellion that had wrecked havoc on the eastern part of Congo.

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Parallels
6:09 am
Tue November 5, 2013

World Headlines: Immigrants A Net Boost To U.K., Study Says

Border Control at London's Heathrow Airport.
Steve Parsons PA Photos /Landov

Britain, The Guardian

We begin with a hot-button issue in Britain – and elsewhere: immigration.

Migrants to Britain since 2000 are less likely to receive benefits or use government housing than those people already in the country. That's according to a new study by the University of London's migration research unit.

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The Two-Way
5:54 am
Tue November 5, 2013

Bangladesh Sentences 152 Soldiers To Die Over Mutiny

A Bangladeshi border guard cries inside a prison van as he leaves a special court after a verdict in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on Tuesday. The court sentenced 152 people to death for a 2009 mutiny by disgruntled border guards who killed dozens of military commanders during a brutal, two-day uprising.
A.M. Ahad AP

Originally published on Tue November 5, 2013 6:44 am

A court in Bangladesh has handed down the death penalty for 152 soldiers in connection with a mutiny by border guards in 2009.

The Associated Press says that "the sentences followed a mass trial involving 846 defendants — a process criticized by a human rights group who said it was not credible and that at least 47 suspects died in custody."

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Parallels
4:26 am
Tue November 5, 2013

Madagascar's Bamboo Lemurs Fight For Survival

Originally published on Tue November 5, 2013 10:34 am

Deep in the Madagascan rain forest, a lemur and his daughter chatter softly as they climb through towering spires of bamboo.

Tiny, furry creatures, with snub noses and tufts of white hair sprouting from their ears, they exchange purr-like noises to keep tabs on each other's whereabouts. They definitely don't want to get separated.

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Asia
2:02 am
Tue November 5, 2013

After Drone Strike, Taliban In Pakistan To Choose New Leader

Originally published on Tue November 5, 2013 3:40 am

The Taliban in Pakistan are looking for a new tactical leader — the last one, Hakimullah Mehsud, was killed in a drone strike in late October. For more on the group, Steve Inskeep talks to Sebastian Abbot, the Islamabad Bureau Chief for The Associated Press.

World
2:02 am
Tue November 5, 2013

Video Said To Show Toronto Mayor Smoked Crack

Originally published on Tue November 5, 2013 3:33 am

Morning Edition's David Greene talks to Jamie Strashin of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation about Toronto Mayor Rob Ford's amazing political survival amid a scandal involving drugs and alcohol.

World
2:42 pm
Mon November 4, 2013

Embattled Toronto Mayor Back In The News For Drugs, Drinking

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 5:42 pm

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

The embattled mayor of Toronto, Rob Ford, is back in the news responding yet again to allegations of drug use and public intoxication. On his radio show yesterday, Mayor Ford called his behavior at a street festival in August pure stupidity.

MAYOR ROB FORD: I shouldn't have gotten hammered down at the Danforth. If you're going to have a couple drinks, you stay at home and that's it. You don't make a public spectacle of yourself.

BLOCK: And he offered up some remorse.

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Africa
2:42 pm
Mon November 4, 2013

Kenya Charges Four Somali Men In Mall Attack

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 5:42 pm

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

In Kenya today, four people were charged in connection to the horrific attack on a Nairobi shopping mall back in September. The attack claimed at least 67 lives.

NPR's Gregory Warner has details on today's charges.

GREGORY WARNER, BYLINE: None of the four men is accused of being part of the team that attacked shoppers at Nairobi's Westgate Mall. But the men, all ethnic Somalis, were charged with allegedly sheltering the gunmen and obtaining false Kenyan IDs. Somali-based militant group al-Shabab claimed credit for the attack.

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Middle East
2:42 pm
Mon November 4, 2013

In Iran, Hard-Liners Mark Embassy Anniversary With Anti-U.S. Rally

Originally published on Wed November 6, 2013 1:14 pm

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

Thirty-four years ago today, Iranian followers of the Ayatollah Khomeini stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. They took 52 Americans hostage, and held them captive for more than a year. And today, as has happened on this day ever since, thousands of Iranian hard-liners again took to the streets for what they call Death to America Day.

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Middle East
2:42 pm
Mon November 4, 2013

Trial Of Ousted President Morsi Gets Off To A Hectic Start In Egypt

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 5:42 pm

There were chaotic scenes in a Cairo courtroom Monday at the start of the trial of former president Mohammed Morsi, Egypt's first democratically elected leader who was ousted by the military in July.

Author Interviews
1:01 pm
Mon November 4, 2013

From Sulking To Sanctions, A Street-Level View Of Life In Iran

Iranian demonstrators march in Tehran in 2011, during a protest asking the government to intensify its enforcement of the Islamic dress code.
Atta Kenare AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 1:15 pm

Monday is the 34th anniversary of the 1979 storming of the American Embassy in Tehran, when Iranian militants took 66 hostages and held them for more than a year. U.S.-Iranian relations have been contentious ever since, but recent events have stirred hopes for progress.

Iranian voters overwhelmingly chose a more moderate president in June, and American and Iranian mediators are meeting to try to resolve disputes about Iran's nuclear program.

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Parallels
12:59 pm
Mon November 4, 2013

Racism Mars Russian Sports In Advance Of World Competitions

Spartak Moscow soccer fans burn flares and wave a flag with a swastika (lower right) during a game with Shinnik Yaroslavl in Yaroslavl, Russia, on Oct. 30. It's one of several recent violent or racist incidents at sporting events in a country that's hosting the 2014 Winter Olympics and the 2018 World Cup.
STR AP

Originally published on Tue November 5, 2013 1:28 am

Racism and right-wing violence are threatening Russia's reputation in international sports as the country prepares to host the Winter Olympics in February and the World Cup soccer finals in 2018.

The latest incident was a riot at a soccer match last week in Yaroslavl, between the local Shinnik (Tiremakers) team and Spartak, a squad from Moscow.

Fights broke out along the barrier between the opposing fans, then Spartak fans ripped up stadium seats and threw them at riot police who tried to drive the fans back with blasts from a water cannon.

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Parallels
10:39 am
Mon November 4, 2013

China Sets Ambitious Agenda In 'Asian Space Race'

Nie Haisheng, Zhang Xiaoguang and Wang Yaping aboard the Tiangong-1 space module in June. China is leading what some see as a space race among Asian countries: It has worked on a lunar rover, a space station and an unmanned mission to Mars.
Wang Yongzhuo Xinhua /Landov

Originally published on Tue November 5, 2013 6:57 pm

India's launch Tuesday of a satellite bound for Mars is the latest milestone in a space race among Asian nations. China, though, is still seen as the leader. A decade ago, China became the third nation to put up a manned spacecraft; it has worked on a lunar rover, a space station as well as its own unmanned mission to Mars.

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Middle East
10:00 am
Mon November 4, 2013

Syrian Humanitarian Crisis As Bad As Rwanda?

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 12:57 pm

Transcript

CELESTE HEADLEE, HOST:

This is TELL ME MORE from NPR News. I'm Celeste Headlee. Michel Martin is away. Coming up, activists in Washington, D.C. are asking jury members to vote their conscience not the law. We'll ask why some people think jury nullification is the only way for minorities to get a fair day in court. That's in just a few minutes.

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The Two-Way
9:42 am
Mon November 4, 2013

Kenya Charges Four With Aiding Terrorism In Mall Assault

The first formal charges have been filed in the attack and standoff at a Nairobi mall that left at least 67 people dead. Four men are charged with aiding terrorism.
Ben Curtis AP

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 9:55 am

Four men in Nairobi, Kenya, are facing charges that include harboring terrorists who conducted an attack that left at least 67 people dead in September. The formal charges are the first filed over the assault and standoff at Nairobi's Westgate Mall.

One of the men is accused of offering refuge to a gunman after the attack, according to court documents cited in Kenyan media. Authorities say others allowed the attackers to stay at their homes before the attack. At least one of them also faces charges related to false identification documents.

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It's All Politics
6:58 am
Mon November 4, 2013

Monday Political Mix: A Congressman Comes Out

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 7:15 am

Good morning, fellow political junkies.

This week, the political headlines are expected to be dominated by several important off-year elections whose outcomes seem a foregone conclusion, if you believe the polls.

Democrat Terry McAulliffe in Virginia and Republican Chris Christie in New Jersey have significant polling leads in their governor's races. In New York City, Democrat and mayoral candidate Bill de Blasio appears poised to win in a blowout.

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The Two-Way
6:52 am
Mon November 4, 2013

For Many Iranians, 'Death To America' Are Just Words

Iranian girls show their hands, marked with the words "Down with USA," at Monday's demonstration in Tehran.
Abedin Tahrkenareh EPA/LANDOV

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 9:24 am

On this 34th anniversary of the takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, thousands of Iranians gathered outside that building to once again chant "Death to America."

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The Two-Way
4:59 am
Mon November 4, 2013

Morsi Is Defiant As Trial Opens, Then Is Delayed Until January

Supporters of ousted Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi rallied outside the police academy in Cairo where his trial was opened, and quickly adjourned, on Monday.
Khaled Desouki AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 7:46 am

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Africa
2:13 am
Mon November 4, 2013

U.N. Warns Of Possible Genocide In Central African Republic

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 3:28 pm

Transcript

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

At a U.N. Security Council meeting over the weekend, diplomats warned of a possible genocide in the Central African Republic. This is a country right near the equator that borders the Congo and the Sudan. It's been in turmoil since a military coup in March left it basically without a functioning government. A half-million people, about a tenth of this country's population, have been forced from their homes in recent weeks as the violence has just gotten worse.

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Middle East
2:13 am
Mon November 4, 2013

Murder Trial Begins For Egypt's Ex-President Then Adjourns

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 3:28 pm

Transcript

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

In Egypt, ousted president Mohammed Morsi appeared in public today for the first time since he was toppled and detained in a military coup in July. He was brought to court to face charges of inciting violence and murder. Morsi, Egypt's first freely elected president, was defiant. He insisted that he is still the country's legitimate leader. He even refused to wear his prison jumpsuit.

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Middle East
2:13 am
Mon November 4, 2013

On U.S. Embassy Takeover Anniversary, Iran's Hardliners Rally

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 3:28 pm

Transcript

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning, I'm David Greene.

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

And I'm Steve Inskeep.

U.S. and Iranian negotiators are expected to meet again this week.

GREENE: The U.S. wants to resolve questions about Iran's nuclear program. Iran wants relief from American-led sanctions.

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Parallels
1:17 am
Mon November 4, 2013

Syria's Moderate Rebels Fight A Battle On Two Fronts

A Syrian fighter from the Islamist rebel group Jabhat al-Nusra inspects a resident's identification papers at a checkpoint in Aleppo on Oct. 26. Syria's Islamist fighters are generally better funded than their more moderate counterparts.
Reuters /Landov

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 3:28 pm

Like many Syrian exiles, Murhaf Jouejati, a professor at National Defense University, is frustrated by U.S. policy toward Syria. He says there's been only a trickle of U.S. aid to the secular, nationalist opposition in Syria, while the Islamists have no trouble raising money through their networks in the Arab world.

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Around the Nation
3:07 pm
Sun November 3, 2013

Far From Diwali's Lights, The Warm Glow Of Home

Little oil lamps mark Diwali celebrations in Allahabad, India, far away from American homes.
Sanjay Kanojia AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Mon November 4, 2013 7:42 am

Small flickering oil lamps known as diyas are lighting up Indian homes in South Asian communities around the globe on Sunday as hundreds of millions of people observe Diwali.

Otherwise known as the Festival of Lights, it's a religious celebration of self-awareness and reflection. Diwali is a public holiday in a number of other nations, but it's not nearly so well-known in the U.S., where families must rely on themselves to keep the tradition alive.

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World
3:07 pm
Sun November 3, 2013

As Mirrors Beam Light To Town, Norwegians Share Patch Of Sun

People gather in the central square of Rjukan, Norway, on Wednesday to bask in the sun reflected by mirrors on a nearby mountainside.
NTB Scanpix/Reuters/Landov

The small town of Rjukan has long had to make do without sunlight during the cold Norwegian winters.

But that changed Wednesday, when the town debuted a system of high-tech mirrors to reflect sunlight from neighboring peaks into the valley below.

Rjukan, originally founded 100 years ago as an industrial outpost for the energy company Norsk Hydro, is nestled between several mountains and does not receive direct sunlight from late September to mid-March — nearly six months out of the year.

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Space
1:09 pm
Sun November 3, 2013

Space Agencies Of The World, Unite: The U.N.'s Asteroid Defense Plan

This mosaic image from NASA's Dawn spacecraft, captured between 2011 to 2012, shows the giant asteroid Vesta. The mountain at the south pole, seen at the bottom of the image, is more than twice the height of Mount Everest.
NASA

The United Nations General Assembly may approve a plan soon for the world's space agencies to defend the Earth against asteroids.

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