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Around the Nation
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Yearly Homecoming Makes For A Springtime Fish Frenzy

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 3:29 pm

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

The American shad lives most of its life at sea except for a few weeks in early spring, when it swims upstream into rivers to spawn. That's precisely what fishermen in New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania have been waiting for.

As NPR's Joel Rose reports, the shad's annual return to the Delaware River is a springtime tradition that goes back centuries.

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Technology
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Between Heartbleed And Homeland, NSA Treads Cybersecurity Gray Area

Originally published on Wed April 16, 2014 3:10 pm

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

News of the critical security bug Heartbleed sent people scurrying to change their online passwords last week. Days later came a report from Bloomberg News that the National Security Agency knew about the bug for at least two years, but the NSA denied having knowledge of the Heartbleed bug or exploiting it for their own spying purposes.

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Around the Nation
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Alabama Tax Program Grows Out Of A Grandfather's Lasting Legacy

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 3:29 pm

Transcript

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Audie Cornish.

Alabama consistently ranks near the bottom in most social measures. And as a result, college graduates tend to flee the state for better opportunities elsewhere. Now, a college professor is trying to stop the migration. Stephen Black's inspiration is his grandfather, the late Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black. NPR's Debbie Elliott has this profile.

DEBBIE ELLIOTT, BYLINE: Stephen Black sits at his grandfather's old desk, rifling through the drawers.

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Around the Nation
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Oil Is Not All That's Booming In North Dakota — So Is Drug Trade

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 3:29 pm

Local and federal authorities worry over a rise in North Dakota's drug trade. Sharon Cohen of the Associated Press explains the proposed solutions to the issue, which some tie to the recent oil boom.

Around the Nation
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Months Of Training And A Moment Of Silence As Marathon Draws Near

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 3:29 pm

Even as Boston pays tribute to the victims of the marathon bombing, runners are preparing to run in the race next week. NPR is following the stories of eight of these participants, dubbed the "NPR 8."

Around the Nation
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

The Long Wait On Safety Rules For The 'Soda Can' Of Rail Cars

Safety advocates have been pressuring Canadian and U.S. officials to create new safety standards for tank cars and to make old DOT-111s like this one more puncture-resistant.
Nati Harnik AP

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 3:29 pm

Freight trains roll through the Chicago suburb of Barrington, Ill., every day, many pulling older tank cars known as DOT-111s. They're known as the "soda can" of rail cars, says village President Karen Darch, because their shells are so thin.

Many of the DOT-111s are full of heavy Canadian tar sands crude oil. Some carry ethanol. And more and more of them are loaded with light Bakken crude oil from North Dakota.

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News
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Ukraine's Army Launches Campaign Against Eastern Militants

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 3:29 pm

Ukraine's army began a "special operation" in the east of the country Tuesday, moving against pro-Russian militants who are occupying government offices across the region.

Economy
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Sending Money On An Overseas Round Trip To Avoid Taxes

Round-tripping occurs when American citizens open bank accounts in tax havens such as the Cayman Islands, funnel money into the accounts and then use it to buy stocks and bonds back in the U.S.
David McFadden AP

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 4:03 pm

Some investors avoid paying taxes in a move called round-tripping — sending money offshore, then investing it in U.S. stocks or bonds. A study estimates it costs the U.S. billions in lost revenues.

Recently, MIT professor Michelle Hanlon and two colleagues set out to find out all they could about round-tripping.

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Book News & Features
2:47 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

In Pakistan, Literary Spring Is Both Renaissance And Resistance

Despite enduring violence and instability in Pakistan, artists and authors are thriving on the international stage. For many of them, culture has become a kind of resistance. Above, the 17th century Imperial Mosque in the Old City of Lahore serves as a reminder of the historical legacy and texture of Pakistan's art capital.
Bilal Qureshi/NPR

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 3:29 pm

On one of the first weekends of the Pakistani spring, more than 45,000 people gathered in the city of Lahore for three days of lectures, performances and old-fashioned people watching. The second annual Lahore Literary Festival brought artists from all over the world to Pakistan's cultural capital to share their work — and to celebrate the power of expression.

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The Salt
1:36 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Behold Ukrainian Easter Art: Incredible, Inedible Eggs

Ukrainians have been crafting elaborately decorated eggs for thousands of years.
Konstantin Chernichkin Reuters/Landov

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 2:50 pm

As Nancy Shute reported in 2012, Ukrainians have for centuries practiced an ancient form of art, drawing intricate patterns on eggs using a traditional method that involves a stylus and wax.

It's called pysanky, and it's alive and well in Ukraine and Ukrainian immigrant communities around the world.

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It's All Politics
1:35 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Obama's Tax Rate Rose — And He Can't Blame Anyone But Himself

President Obama meets with faith leaders in the Oval Office on Tuesday — also known as Tax Day 2014.
Carolyn Kaster AP

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 2:00 pm

President Obama, like many wealthy Americans, is paying more of his income to the IRS.

The White House released the president's tax return last week. It shows he and the first lady paid $98,169 in taxes for 2013 on income of $481,098. That's an effective tax rate of 20.4 percent.

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Shots - Health News
1:14 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Despite Worries, Boston Survivor Heads Back To The Start Line

Carol Downing is still haunted by memories of last year's marathon. But she's excited about reuniting with other survivors.
Michael Dwyer AP

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 7:24 pm

At last year's Boston Marathon, Carol Downing was just a half a mile from the finish line when bombs exploded and injured two of her daughters. This year, she's going back to complete the race.

More than 36,000 runners hope to cross the finish line for the Boston Marathon this year. Downing plans to be among them. But she's worried.

"There's definitely some fear of going back," Downing says. "I know that for the whole time of the 26.2 miles, I'm going to be wondering if my family is safe."

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The Two-Way
1:12 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Saturn Might Have A New Baby Moon Named Peggy

The disturbance visible at the outer edge of Saturn's A ring in this image from NASA's Cassini spacecraft results from gravitational effects on ring particles by an object that may be replaying the birth process of icy moons.
NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 4:54 pm

It's not like Saturn needs another moon to look after — it's already got 53 officially, with nine more labeled as "provisional" (and those are just the ones we know about). But the tiny, icy object nicknamed "Peggy" could prove hard to resist.

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Author Interviews
12:33 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Pakistan, The Taliban And The Real 'Enemy' Of The Afghanistan War

Children play at the demolished compound of Osama bin Laden in Abbottabad, Pakistan.
Aqeel Ahmed AP

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 5:42 pm

Carlotta Gall's new book opens in 2006, when undercover Pakistani intelligence agents punched her in the face, after breaking into her hotel room and confiscating her phone and computer.

It's just one example of how risky her job — covering Afghanistan for The New York Times — has been. Gall writes that over 12 years, she lost friends and acquaintances in suicide bombings and shootings and saw others close to her savagely maimed.

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Television
12:33 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

FX's 'Fargo' Is Neither Remake Nor Sequel

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 3:05 pm

Transcript

TERRY GROSS, HOST:

This is FRESH AIR. The FX cable network premieres a new drama series tonight. It's called "Fargo" and has the same title as the 1996 Coen brothers movie. Our TV critic David Bianculli says it's a wonderful show in that same wacky spirit, but he says it's just as important to note what this new "Fargo" is not. It's not a remake, and it's not a sequel.

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It's All Politics
12:26 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Gingrich 2012 Campaign Still Owes $4.7 Million

Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich waves after addressing the Conservative Political Action Conference annual meeting in National Harbor, Md., on March 8.
Cliff Owen AP

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 1:13 pm

Newt 2012, the presidential campaign vehicle for Newt Gingrich last time around, couldn't bag the Republican nomination for him.

And now, the former House speaker's committee still owes $4.7 million from the attempt.

The campaign tells the Federal Election Commission that its debt on April 1, 2014, was just $14,507 less than the amount owed on May 31, 2012 — the month Gingrich officially suspended his White House bid.

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Television
12:15 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

Why 'Fargo' For TV Works With Cold Efficiency And 'Bad Teacher' Doesn't

Billy Bob Thornton in FX's Fargo, an adaptation that works by lifting the tone of the film, not the story.
Matthias Clamer FX

There is a moment, deep inside the first episode of FX's excellent re-imagination of the Coen brothers' masterful film Fargo, when a police officer gets a phone call.

He's sleeping next to his pregnant wife. It's early. And the well-meaning but sometimes complacent police chief is suddenly called to the scene of a bizarre crime.

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Monkey See
12:11 pm
Tue April 15, 2014

The Fist, The Shield And The Gun

Iko Uwais as Rama and Cecep Arif Rahman in The Raid 2.
Akhirwan Nurhaidir, Gumilar Triyoga Sony Pictures Classics

Originally published on Wed April 16, 2014 10:21 am

The two best action pictures on offer at the moment are the Indonesian martial arts/crime sequel The Raid 2, which spills blood by the barrel, and the Marvel superhero sequel Captain America: The Winter Soldier, wherein most of the similarly high body count is kept just offscreen. They're officially both 2014 Part Twos to 2011 Part Ones, though Winter Soldier is more like a part 6(c) — another stone in the Marvel mosaic — and The Raid 2, really, really doesn't demand much familiarity with its precursor.

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The Two-Way
11:14 am
Tue April 15, 2014

TurboTax Maker Linked To Fight Against 'Return-Free' Tax System

Proposals that would simplify the filing process for many Americans are under fire from tax preparation company TurboTax. Here, a 2013 IRS Estimated Tax form.
Damian Dovarganes AP

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 11:33 am

Proposals to let U.S. taxpayers get a statement from the government that's already filled in with their financial information have been under attack by Intuit, the maker of TurboTax, according to ProPublica. The nonprofit newsroom says several people took a stand against the proposal in a grass-roots campaign that Intuit orchestrated.

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The Two-Way
11:12 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Think You Can Mail Your Taxes At Midnight? Think Again, Gramps

Mailing your taxes in just before midnight: That's so 2002.
Tim Boyle Getty Images

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 2:42 pm

One of the least imaginative, but always popular, stories for an editor to assign in years past was the annual Tax Day frenzy at the local post office.

Younger Two-Way readers may not know this, but before e-filing was the thing to do, many procrastinators would wait until the last possible moment to finish their federal tax returns. And many post offices would keep staff on hand until midnight so that those returns could be postmarked before April 15 turned into April 16.

Now?

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Shots - Health News
10:50 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Details On Abortion Coverage Still Elusive In Some Health Plans

Abortion coverage was a key sticking point during the congressional debate on the new health law. Lawmakers eventually agreed to let states decide.
Mark Wilson Getty Images

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 2:29 pm

If you bought health coverage through one of the online insurance marketplaces, you might have a tough time determining whether your plan covers abortion services.

Though Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius got an earful from members of Congress about the problem at a hearing last November, little's been done yet to clear up the confusion in some states.

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The Two-Way
10:24 am
Tue April 15, 2014

WATCH: Israel's New Low-Cost Airline Has Catchy Safety Video

UP, El Al's new budget carrier, has a catchy, and cheesy new safety video.
UP/El Al

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 12:55 pm

El Al, Israel's national airline, wants you to get down when you fly UP, its budget carrier that took to the skies just two weeks ago. UP has joined the list of airlines doing away with the boring safety video in favor of something more lively and, at least in this case, delightfully cheesy.

The website FlightClub says:

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The Two-Way
10:08 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Giant South American Bird On The Run In The U.K.

A greater rhea grazes in a canola field near Utecht in northern Germany in 2012. A similar bird has been loose in the English countryside for the past month.
DPA AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Wed April 16, 2014 5:55 am

An ostrich-size South American rhea that's reportedly capable of "seriously injuring humans" escaped from a farm in Hertfordshire, U.K., last month and has been on the lam in the English countryside ever since.

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All Tech Considered
9:50 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Apple Upgrade Tracks Customers Even When Marketing Apps Are Off

iPhone geotracking gets better. Or is it worse?
Patrick Kovarik AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Wed April 16, 2014 8:50 am

The people who design marketing apps are celebrating a change in the way iBeacon works on iPhones. That's the Bluetooth-based system that lets a store track a customer's movements, and capitalize on them. For instance, if iBeacon detects you lingering in the shoe department, it might send you a digital coupon for socks.

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Around the Nation
9:46 am
Tue April 15, 2014

A Year After Boston Marathon Bombing, How Does Public Grief Help?

A Boston Red Sox cap left at a makeshift memorial on the Boston Marathon route.
Don Emmert AFP/Getty Images

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 6:23 pm

It's been a year since a bombing near the finish line of the Boston Marathon killed three people and injured hundreds of others.

The tragedy brought a massive outpouring of grief and concern from all over the world, as people sent flowers, running shoes, messages, quilts and all kinds of tributes to Boston.

The bombing even affected people who did not not have a direct connection with the city. Across the pond in England, Danny Bent says he "knew one person in the whole of the United States," but he tells NPR's Celeste Headlee that he was moved to act.

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Monkey See
9:11 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Ken Burns Tackles Lincoln, Education And Money In 'The Address'

Cooper and Ned are two of the boys working on learning the Gettysburg Address in Ken Burns' latest documentary.
Lindsay Taylor Jackson/Florentine Films PBS

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 5:07 pm

The Ken Burns documentary The Address, premiering on most PBS stations Tuesday night, opens at the Greenwood School in Vermont, where students are being introduced to a longstanding tradition: studying the Gettysburg Address until they can recite it from memory in front of a large audience of students, staff and parents. If they succeed, they receive a special commemorative coin that is only given for this achievement. A first, second and third prize will be awarded — one for middle school, one for high school — for these performances.

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#TMMPoetry: Muses and Metaphor
8:47 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Hip-Hop Dreams Lead To Penning Poetry

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 10:45 am

Transcript

CELESTE HEADLEE, HOST:

And now it's time for Muses and Metaphor. That is our ode to National Poetry Month. All through April, we're featuring original tweet-length poems - that's 140 characters or less delivered by Twitter and written by NPR listeners mostly, but also new this year, some of our regular contributors.

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Music
8:47 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Muslim Singer Yuna Moves To John Mayer's Music

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 10:45 am

Transcript

CELESTE HEADLEE, HOST:

Next it's time for the regular feature we call In Your Ear. That's where we invite some of our guests to tell us about the top songs on their playlists. We caught up with Muslim pop star Yuna earlier this year, And she told us about some of her favorite tunes.

YUNA: Hey, I'm Yuna, and what's playing in my ear is Drake "From Time."

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "FROM TIME")

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The Record
8:41 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Why We Fight About Pop Music

Kanye West performing in New York City, 2012
13thWitness Getty Images for Samsung

Originally published on Wed April 16, 2014 12:03 pm

In 2007, the Canadian music critic Carl Wilson published a book-length experiment in extreme aesthetic sport: a sincere and shockingly comprehensive study of music he had already decided he hated. That book, Let's Talk About Love, named for the Celine Dion album it studied, has become a cornerstone text in the school of criticism known as "poptimism," because it treats seemingly disposable pop music as worthy of serious thought.

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The Two-Way
8:34 am
Tue April 15, 2014

Boston Stronger: City Marks One Year Since Marathon Bombings [Updated]

A Boston Police honor guard is posted outside the Forum restaurant Tuesday, the site of the second of two bombs that exploded near the finish line of the 2013 Boston Marathon.
Charles Krupa AP

Originally published on Tue April 15, 2014 1:56 pm

On this April 15, Americans are thinking about the Boston Marathon bombings that occurred one year ago.

In and around Boston, people are also looking back on a year of healing. The day's events culminated in a moment of silence at 2:49 p.m. ET, the time of the first explosion. Vice President Joe Biden joined other officials in a tribute near the race's finish line.

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