Peter Kenyon en Iran Nuclear Negotiations Try To Hurdle Impasse As Deadline Nears Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Melissa Block.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel. Iranian and American diplomats are facing a July 20th deadline to come up with a nuclear agreement. A deal could prevent any Iranian attempt to build a bomb. Failure could bring back the mutual hostility of the past. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 20:09:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 43976 at Deadline Looms In Nuclear Talks With Iran Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm David Greene.<p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>And I'm Renee Montagne. It's being billed as the final push. After a decade of on-again, off-again talks with Iran over its nuclear program, a last round of talks begins today in Vienna. Negotiators from Iran, the U.S. and five major powers have set July 20 - just weeks from now - as the deadline to reach an agreement. NPR's Peter Kenyon is in Vienna. Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:10:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 43855 at Beside A Crumbling Iraq, Iran Looks On With Alarm Bells Ringing Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>Alarm bells are ringing in Iran now that Sunni militants are making such a huge claim in neighboring Iraq. Iran is the center of Shiite power in the region. It supports Iraq's Shiite-led government and the regime of President Bashar al-Assad in Syria. NPR's Peter Kenyon reports that Tehran is pursuing even more military support for its allies. But it also might be looking for a viable political solution in Iraq.<p>PETER KENYON, BYLINE: Into Tehran, where memories of Iran's bloody war against the Sunni led Iraq in the 1980s are still strong. Mon, 30 Jun 2014 20:17:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 43753 at Crowded By Two Shaky States, Turkey Shifts Its Weight In Policy Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>The fighting is so bad in Iraq that yesterday NATO promised to defend member country Turkey from any spillover violence. Turkey borders two countries that some analysts now call failed states, Iraq and Syria. That's forcing Turkey to consider policies that could change the map of the region, even the possibility of more independence for Iraqi Kurds. That's something Turkey has vehemently opposed for decades. NPR's Peter Kenyon reports from Istanbul.<p>PETER KENYON, BYLINE: After loudly criticizing the U.S. Thu, 26 Jun 2014 20:20:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 43510 at Talks Yield Possible Framework For Iran Nuclear Deal Transcript <p>SCOTT SIMON, HOST: <p>This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon. Negotiators trying to ensure that Iran has only a peaceful nuclear program have less than a month to reach an agreement. A week of talks in Vienna yielded the potential beginnings of a deal. But thorny problems remain unresolved.<p>As NPR's Peter Kenyon reports, U.S. Sat, 21 Jun 2014 15:22:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 43161 at The Key Sticking Points In The Iranian Nuclear Talks Iran and six world powers are meeting in Vienna this week in their latest attempt to hammer out a comprehensive nuclear agreement by July 20.<p>That's when a six-month interim agreement expires. It can be extended for up to another six months, though all sides say they're aiming for an agreement this summer.<p>Iran is negotiating with the so-called P5 plus one, which consists of the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council — the U.S., Britain, France, Russia and China — plus Germany.<p>Here are some of the major sticking points as the talks enter a crucial stage:<p><strong>1. Mon, 16 Jun 2014 15:44:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 42783 at The Key Sticking Points In The Iranian Nuclear Talks Former Boxer Steps Up As Kiev Mayor, Spars With Remaining Activists Former world heavyweight boxing champ Vitaly Klitchko is now set to become mayor of Kiev. In his first major move, Klitchko is asking activists in Independence Square to pack up their tents and allow the square to return to normal. Some activists are resisting, warning that one presidential election doesn't guarantee the success of their revolution — or do justice to the martyrs who were killed there. Fri, 06 Jun 2014 20:13:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 42210 at Ukraine's Weakened Military Could Hinder Poroshenko's Objectives Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>The new president of Ukraine also faces the problem keeping order. Petro Poroshenko has won praise for his tough stance on the pro-Russian insurgency in the east of the country. But it can take force to back up words. And the Ukrainian military is considered relatively weak. NPR's Peter Kenyon just returned from Ukraine and has this report.<p>PETER KENYON, BYLINE: The Ukrainian armed forces have struck some blows against militants in the East, mainly thanks to their airpower. But overall, the news from Sloviansk, Donetsk and Luhansk has been grim. Fri, 06 Jun 2014 09:08:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 42152 at Rare Right-Wing Party Favors EU Integration, Joining Nato Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>Europe's far-right parties did well, really well in last week's elections to the European Parliament. But their embrace of Russia and its annexation of Crimea is not exactly what the far-right counterparts in Ukraine were expecting. NPR's Peter Kenyon reports on a rare right-wing party that favors EU integration and joining NATO.<p>PETER KENYON, BYLINE: The Svoboda, or the freedom party, is the most prominent nationalist party in Ukraine. Although it didn't fare well in Sunday's presidential election. Fri, 30 May 2014 11:21:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 41703 at Insurgents In Ukraine Shoot Down Helicopter, Killing General Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>And I'm Melissa Block. The battle for control of eastern Ukraine heated up again today. Pro-Russian insurgents shot down a military helicopter - killing at least a dozen soldiers, including an Army general. Thu, 29 May 2014 20:27:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 41678 at Battle For Donetsk's Airport Claims Many Lives Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>This is MORING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning, I'm David Greene. Journalists in the Ukrainian city of Donetsk say the city morgue is filled with dozens of stacked bodies. These are pro-Russian rebels killed in the past few days during fighting at the Donetsk airport. Ukraine's government says it is now in control of that airport. It used helicopters and fighter jets to attack rebels who had occupied it. Ukraine is saying that Moscow is behind this violence and they say Russia is quote, exporting terrorism. Wed, 28 May 2014 10:11:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 41536 at From Kiev, An Olive Branch For Russia — And A Saber For Separatists Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>And I'm Melissa Block. Fighting in Eastern Ukraine went on today with Moscow and Kiev accusing each other of responsibility for the bloodshed. It's reported that about 50 separatists have been killed since yesterday. Ukraine's likely new president won't be sworn in until next month, but attention is already focusing on what Petro Poroshenko will or can do to resolve Ukraine's numerous crises. Tue, 27 May 2014 20:44:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 41503 at Violence Returns To Eastern Ukraine Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Melissa Block. We begin this hour with the latest from Ukraine, where votes from yesterday's presidential election continue to be tallied. Billionaire candy-maker Petro Poroshenko maintains his commanding lead. International observers praised the election as genuine, despite the millions who couldn't vote due to violence in eastern providences.<p>The apparent president-elect has spoken of talks with Moscow to end that violence. Mon, 26 May 2014 21:17:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 41436 at Extremists Vow To Disrupt Ukraine's Presidential Election The elections could be a major step in bringing legitimacy to the Kiev government if it can navigate the pitfalls of pro-Russian extremists in the East and hardline Ukrainian nationalists in the West. Fri, 23 May 2014 10:11:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 41238 at Iran Reluctant To Disclose Secret Nuclear Activities Transcript <p>SCOTT SIMON, HOST: <p>Another round of nuclear talks between world powers in Iran ended yesterday and negotiations are expected to run through July. The U.S. wants to limit Iran's nuclear program. Iran wants relief from economic sanctions, but there are some mysteries, including rumors and reports about old weapons programs Iran allegedly hid.<p>And that poses a dilemma. How does it admit to past concealment? Well, it asked the world to trust it under a new deal. Sat, 17 May 2014 11:58:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 40846 at Iran's President Gets Tepid Reception In First Year On The Job Almost a year into Hassan Rouhani's presidency, the wave of high expectations that marked his rise to power in Iran has given way to impatience from his supporters and increasing attacks from his critics.<p>As Iranian negotiators headed to New York last week for expert-level nuclear talks, conservatives spoke out in parliament and gathered at the old U.S. Embassy in Tehran for some of the boldest attacks yet on Rouhani's leadership. Mon, 12 May 2014 08:31:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 40450 at Iran's President Gets Tepid Reception In First Year On The Job In This Turkish Town, Liver (And Olive Oil Wrestling) Are King If we mention the northwestern Turkish city of Edirne, tucked up near the borders with Greece and Bulgaria, you may think, "Oh brother, not another story about olive oil wrestling."<p>Yes, it's true that each summer for the last 650 or so years Edirne has hosted the <a href="">Kirkpinar Olive Oil Wrestling Festival</a>, in which half-naked men slathered in fragrant oil grapple in the grass. It's activity that's even recognized as a UNESCO Heritage Event.<p>But we're actually here today to discuss liver. Fried liver. Tue, 29 Apr 2014 20:24:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 39671 at In This Turkish Town, Liver (And Olive Oil Wrestling) Are King With Dogs And Batons, Bulgaria Tells Syrian Refugees To Turn Back Some countries in Syria's neighborhood are feeling inundated with refugees, and countries like Greece are making it harder for them to enter the country. Now Bulgaria has followed suit, with growing reports of Syrian refugees facing violent beatings, according to a <a href="" target="_blank">new report by Human Rights Watch</a>.<p>Among the poorest European states, Bulgaria was ill-prepared for the spike in refugees who came across its border last fall. Tue, 29 Apr 2014 07:16:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 39610 at With Dogs And Batons, Bulgaria Tells Syrian Refugees To Turn Back Internet Freedom Debate Stokes Rivalry Between Turkey's Top Two Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>Turkey has seen its share of political controversies lately, including large protests and a government ban of Twitter. Despite that, the ruling party appears to be maintaining its popularity. But now it may face a split in its highest ranks. There's competition brewing between its two main figures: President Abdullah Gul and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.<p>NPR's Peter Kenyon reports from Istanbul that many are wary of Erdogan's growing power.<p>PETER KENYON, BYLINE: Turkey is in the midst of a three-round electoral contest. Thu, 24 Apr 2014 20:15:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 39343 at A Trip Into Odessa's Rich, Dark History As Ukraine seeks international help to bring Crimea back from Russian control, residents of Odessa watching warily. The historic Black Sea port has been conquered repeatedly throughout history. Fri, 11 Apr 2014 10:11:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 38458 at Divisive Issues For Now Don't Derail Iran Nuclear Talks Tensions between Russia and Ukraine have left Moscow on the outs with Germany, France, Britain and the U.S. Those countries are partnered with Russia in talks with Iran over its nuclear program. Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:03:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 38297 at After Crimea Takeover, Ukraine Moves To Protect Odessa With the Crimean peninsula effectively controlled by Russia, Ukrainian officials worry about another Black Sea port, Odessa. Ukraine fears this area with a Russian minority could be a tempting target. Fri, 04 Apr 2014 10:33:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 38012 at Still Reeling From Crisis, Ukraine Prepares For Presidential Vote After a winter of lightning-fast changes – a president ousted and a peninsula apparently lost to Russia — Ukrainians are beginning to look ahead to elections on May 25 to replace Viktor Yanukovych.<p>The opposition leader who seemed to have the inside track a few weeks ago, ex-world champion heavyweight Vitali Klitschko, has taken himself out of the running. Tue, 01 Apr 2014 21:27:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 37834 at Still Reeling From Crisis, Ukraine Prepares For Presidential Vote Ukrainians Open Their Homes To Crimean Refugees Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning, I'm Steve Inskeep.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene.<p>Here's yet another sign that Russia is firming up its control of Crimea. The Russian prime minister, Dmitry Medvedev, and much of his cabinet showed up there today. Medvedev announced that Crimea will become a special economic zone with tax breaks to attract investors. Now, Russia says it annexed Crimea at the request of its large ethnic Russian population. But not everyone there is Russian. Mon, 31 Mar 2014 10:18:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 37705 at IMF Bailout Comes With A Hefty Side Of Pain For Ukrainians Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel.<p>The International Monetary Fund is coming up with some cash to keep Ukraine out of bankruptcy. The IMF has agreed on an offer of up to $18 billion in loans. The package still needs final approval. It's intended to give the acting government some breathing room and keep it from defaulting on debts. But Ukrainians themselves will feel the bite of austerity measures that come with the bailout. Thu, 27 Mar 2014 20:05:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 37512 at Even Turkey's President Evades Its New Twitter Ban Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish.<p>The cyberworld is aflutter about Twitter - more precisely, an effort by Turkey to ban the microblogging site. After a court order, Turkey's telecommunications authority tried to block Twitter access. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has pledged to eradicate Twitter. But the Turkish president, Abdullah Gul, is one of many Turks who are working around the blockage and tweeting away. Joining us from Istanbul is NPR's Peter Kenyon. Fri, 21 Mar 2014 20:24:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 37140 at As Iran Talks Wrap Up, Diplomats Get Specific Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>Diplomats from the U.S., Russia and other world powers wrapped up a meeting with Iran today about its nuclear program. The deal they're trying to hammer out is this: Iran modifies its program so that it can't produce nuclear weapons. And in exchange, Western powers lift sanctions. Negotiators released a joint statement calling the talks substantive and useful. A senior U.S. official said it is going to take some hard work to reach an agreement. The talks will resume on April 7th. Wed, 19 Mar 2014 20:27:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 36989 at Dispute And Suspicion Swirl About Iranian Water Reactor Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Audie Cornish.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel.<p>Talks resume this week in Vienna over Iran's nuclear program. Western powers want to prevent Iran from making nuclear weapons. Iran wants relief from economic sanctions. Well, today, we look at one of the issues: the construction of Iran's heavy-water reactor near the city of Arak. Mon, 17 Mar 2014 20:09:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 36838 at Turkey Lacks Strong Position In Russia-Ukraine Crisis Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>And as Gregory said a few moments ago, the outcome of the referendum in Crimea is of particular interest to the Tatars, that minority community of Muslims that has a history of being oppressed by Russia. The Tatars have linguistic and religious ties to Turkey, just across the Black Sea. NPR's Peter Kenyon reported from Crimea last week, and has now returned to his base in Istanbul. Fri, 14 Mar 2014 09:13:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 36648 at Russia May Expedite Passports For Ukraine's Ethnic Russians With no end in sight to the Ukraine crisis, Russian lawmakers say they're considering a bill to make it easier for ethnic Russians and other Ukrainians to obtain Russian passports. Thu, 06 Mar 2014 10:31:00 +0000 Peter Kenyon 36084 at