Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson en Deal To Ease Ukraine Crisis Delays New Sanctions On Russia Transcript <p>(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)<p>KELLY MCEVERS, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Kelly McEvers.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. Good morning.<p>The question in Ukraine now is whether words will be turned into actions. Diplomats from the United States, Europe, Russia and Ukraine got together in Geneva yesterday. They all spoke about a shared desire to calm the tensions in the eastern part of that country where armed, pro-Russian separatists have occupied government buildings and are clashing with the authorities. Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:14:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 38892 at Out Of A Tough Day Of Diplomacy, A Surprising Deal On Ukraine Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish.<p>A deal now that could possibly ease the tensions in eastern Ukraine. The U.S., Europe, Russia and Ukraine came to an agreement that calls on multinational monitors to oversee steps to restore order. The deal would likely delay any new sanctions against Russia. President Obama has already cast doubt on whether the Russian's will cooperate. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 20:23:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 38866 at Geneva Talks Aim To Ease Tensions In Ukraine Crisis Secretary of State John Kerry is in Geneva to meet with his diplomatic counterparts from Russia, Ukraine and the European Union. They are trying to find a resolution to the crisis in Ukraine. Thu, 17 Apr 2014 10:13:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 38821 at As Pressures Mount On Putin, Analysts Wonder What He Hopes To Gain Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>It's ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>And I'm Melissa Block.<p>U.S.-Russia relations have deteriorated since Russia's annexation of Crimea and there are still questions over Russian President Vladimir Putin's agenda in Ukraine and Eastern Europe. Fri, 04 Apr 2014 20:17:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 38050 at Not An April Fools' Joke: Russians Petition To Get Alaska Back President Vladimir Putin's annexation of Crimea is reigniting talk in Russia of taking back Alaska from the United States, which purchased the territory from a czar for $7.2 million nearly a century and a half ago.<p>Most of the talk is tongue-in-cheek, but it comes at a time of heightened sensitivity in the West over whether Russia is planning further incursions or land grabs.<p>A recent petition written in clunky English on the official <a href="" target="_blank">White House website </a>seeks Alaska's secession and return t Tue, 01 Apr 2014 19:29:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 37818 at Not An April Fools' Joke: Russians Petition To Get Alaska Back Caught Between Russia And Ukraine, Border Cities Share Only Worry The deployment of tens of thousands of Russian troops along their country's western border with Ukraine worries the new government in Kiev and its Western allies, including President Obama.<p>In a phone call Friday, he asked Russian President Vladimir Putin to pull those forces back, a demand likely to be repeated by Secretary of State John Kerry when he meets with his Russian counterpart in Paris Sunday.<p>But people in the Russian border city of Belgorod, one of the places where troops have been gathering, say they can't understand why the U.S. Sun, 30 Mar 2014 16:17:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 37679 at Caught Between Russia And Ukraine, Border Cities Share Only Worry With Ribbons, Russians Show Support For Takeover In Crimea It's hard to keep up with the vast array of colored ribbons that convey causes around the world, especially when the same color has multiple meanings. Red ones, for example, represent AIDS awareness but also drunk driving prevention, among other things.<p>Last week, deputies in the Russian parliament, or Duma, adopted their own ribbon to signal approval for Russia's takeover of Crimea – ones with black and orange stripes.<p>As <em>The Moscow Times</em> noted in a story Tuesday, it became "an almost obligatory accessory for ... Tue, 25 Mar 2014 19:32:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 37355 at With Ribbons, Russians Show Support For Takeover In Crimea In Response to Putin, Western Leaders Hope To Make The Man An Island Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish.<p>Russian markets and businesses are reeling from Western threats and sanctions - they're a response to Russian President Vladimir Putin's stance toward Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea. But ordinary Russians are closing ranks behind their president. And many Russians tell NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson, the U.S. Mon, 24 Mar 2014 20:33:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 37294 at EU Rejects Crimean Vote, Weighs Sanctions Against Russia Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And as Eleanor just told Renee, the government in Kiev says the world is with them, and not with Russia.<p>Let's bring in NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson into this conversation. She's in Berlin. She's been monitoring the European reaction to the vote in Crimea.<p>And, Soraya, as we mentioned, the EU, like the United States, threatening sanctions against Russia. EU foreign ministers are actually meeting today to draw some up and take a vote. Mon, 17 Mar 2014 09:02:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 36799 at Angst In Germany Over Invasion Of American English It seems hardly a sentence is spoken in Berlin that doesn't have an American English word in it.<p>One word that especially grates — and I confess to a certain bias, having learned German as a toddler when it wasn't so Americanized — is a word pronounced "sogh-ee." Or, as Americans say it, "sorry."<p><em>"Sogh-ee" your package is late. Fri, 14 Mar 2014 18:24:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 36674 at Angst In Germany Over Invasion Of American English Germany Changes Its Tone On Russia, And EU Sanctions May Follow Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.<p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>And I'm Robert Siegel.<p>The chancellor of Germany is warning Russia to step back from its confrontation with the West over Ukraine.<p>CHANCELLOR ANGELA MERKEL: (Foreign language spoken)<p>SIEGEL: Angela Merkel says if Moscow continues its present course, it will change Europe's whole relationship with Russia. She told the German Parliament today that this would cause massive damage to Russia, economically and politically. It's a sharp change in tone for Merkel. Thu, 13 Mar 2014 20:21:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 36603 at Ukraine President's Estate Included Exotic Zoo When he fled Kiev, Viktor Yanukovych left behind an opulent mansion that underscores the problems many Ukrainians say plague their country: widespread government corruption and a huge income gap. Mon, 24 Feb 2014 10:05:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 35390 at In Kiev, Leaders Ink A Deal — But Will The People Follow? Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish.<p>An uneasy calm settled over Kiev today since opposition leaders signed a peace deal with Ukraine's president, Viktor Yanukovych. But after three days of fighting left scores of people dead, protesters are still trying to decide if the deal is worth the sacrifice. Fri, 21 Feb 2014 21:00:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 35272 at Ukraine: Deal Reached At Crisis Talks The office of president Viktor Yanukovich says a deal has been reached with opposition leaders to stop the violence in the capital Kiev. Scores of people have died in two days of clashes. Fri, 21 Feb 2014 10:27:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 35222 at At Least 70 Killed In Kiev, With Casualties Still Mounting Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish.<p>In Ukraine, protesters and police clash today in the worst violence yet during the three-month old uprising against President Viktor Yanukovych. A flurry of diplomatic visits to Kiev and the EU's threat of sanctions have failed to slow the carnage. At least 100 people are reported dead after two days of fighting. Thu, 20 Feb 2014 23:46:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 35201 at Truce Brokered In Ukraine Appears To Be Breaking Down Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Steven Inskeep.<p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>And I'm Renee Montagne.<p>A truce announced late last night between protestors and the government in Kiev, Ukraine broke down this morning.<p>(SOUNDBITE OF PROTEST)<p>MONTAGNE: Those are the sounds of fighting in Kiev's main square. Reporters there have counted at least 10 bodies this morning, which means the death toll from the last few days is now more than three dozen. A group of European foreign ministers is in Kiev to meet with both sides. Thu, 20 Feb 2014 11:04:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 35149 at From The Streets Of Kiev, A Firsthand Look At the Protests Police in Kiev continue to try to clear protesters from the streets of the Ukrainian capital, where violence has left both police and demonstrators dead. Wed, 19 Feb 2014 21:19:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 35116 at EU Mute On U.S. Diplomat's Criticism Involving Ukraine There was a U.S. diplomatic gaff last week. It involved an expletive used by an assistant secretary of State to express a rather rude form of anger at the European Union during a private phone conversation. The phone call was intercepted by someone — presumably another government — and leaked. Mon, 10 Feb 2014 10:18:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 34497 at Iran's Nuclear Talks: What To Expect Next The next round of Iranian nuclear talks with world powers is fast approaching, and there's still a lot of skepticism in the air over the prospects for a comprehensive deal.<p>Iran will sit down with the U.S. and five other major powers in Vienna on Feb. 18 as they try to hammer out a long-term agreement on the Islamic Republic's nuclear program. Tue, 04 Feb 2014 21:18:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 34147 at Iran's Nuclear Talks: What To Expect Next World's Top Diplomats Examine Security Concerns Many of the world's top diplomats met over the weekend along with defense officials for an annual security conference in Munich, Germany. Top of the agenda were two countries in particular: Ukraine and Iran. Mon, 03 Feb 2014 10:01:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 34028 at Germany's New Defense Minister: More Peacekeeping Missions Welcome Many Germans were surprised in December when Ursula von der Leyen was named the country's first female defense minister.<p>Some people questioned whether a medical doctor with seven children, who championed Germany's generous parental leave policy, was the right choice to shepherd the country's military through the challenges of being a newly minted volunteer force.<p>Others wondered whether a woman with no military experience could even do the job. Sat, 01 Feb 2014 09:55:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 33935 at Germany's New Defense Minister: More Peacekeeping Missions Welcome German Economic Fears May Have Roots In Age-Old Prejudice Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>Now to a debate in Europe over something called poverty migration. Recently, some countries in the European Union lifted work restrictions on Romanians and Bulgarians. As a result, factions in Britain and Germany worry that poor and unskilled immigrants will flood in and collect welfare payments.<p>But Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson reports, this debate isn't being driven by new arrivals from Romania and Bulgaria. Tue, 28 Jan 2014 21:52:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 33687 at Heinrich Himmler's Private Letters Published In German Newspaper "The Handwriting of a Mass Murderer" is how Germany's <em>Die Welt </em>newspaper bills its <a href="">eight-part series</a> featuring excerpts of Heinrich Himmler's personal letters accompanied by family photos, which are reportedly being published for the first time.<p>(An English-language version is <a href="">here</a>.)<p>The excerpts, published this weekend, come from roughly 700 letters that Himmler, leader of the Nazis' notorious, black-uniformed SS cor Sun, 26 Jan 2014 21:39:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 33546 at Heinrich Himmler's Private Letters Published In German Newspaper Egyptian Military Clamps Down On Freedom Of Speech Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>In Egypt, the military-led government took charge last year with a violent clampdown on Islamists. Since then, it's been targeting many others who criticize its leadership. A high-profile liberal is being charged with a crime over a tweet. And there are at least five journalists behind bars in Egypt, including a team of Al Jazeera English journalists who are being accused of terrorism and other crimes. Tue, 21 Jan 2014 12:11:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 33190 at Germans Cautious About Obama's NSA Proposals Transcript <p>RACHEL MARTIN, HOST: <p>Last year, revelations that the U.S. had tapped German Chancellor Angela Merkel's cell phone soured relations between the two allies. In Europe, President Obama's recommendations to reign in the NSA when it comes to listening to foreign leaders was met with a lukewarm reaction. NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson reports that Germans are especially skeptical that the changes will mean an end to American eavesdropping.<p>SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: The spokesman for Angela Merkel says her government welcomed Mr. Sun, 19 Jan 2014 16:59:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 33101 at Restaurant Owner Loved The Patrons He Died Trying To Protect Taverna du Liban was a welcome respite from the pressures of living in a third-world war zone.<p>The cozy, Kabul restaurant with its Middle Eastern décor served up a tasty variety of Lebanese dishes and the best chocolate cake I've ever eaten, courtesy of the Lebanese owner, Kamal Hamade, who baked the cakes himself.<p>But the appeal of Taverna — where I ate nearly every week when I lived in Afghanistan — was about much more than the food. It was about friendship.<p>Kamal treated each of his customers as a personal friend. Whenever my friends and I went there, he'd come over to chat. Sat, 18 Jan 2014 09:42:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 33048 at Restaurant Owner Loved The Patrons He Died Trying To Protect German Farmers Fear For Europe's Bacon With U.S. Trade Deal When German farmers and activists descended upon Chancellor Angela Merkel's office building Wednesday morning, they brought along some special guests — 17 pigs. The stunt was the latest European backlash against a proposed free trade deal with the U.S. that could lift restrictions on American meat sold in Europe.<p>Under the watchful eye of German police officers, the pigs munched happily on straw strewn across the pavement to keep the herd from running amok.<p>The protesters said the pigs at today's protest were meant to symbolize wholesome farming, rather than to insult Merkel. Wed, 15 Jan 2014 22:11:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 32854 at German Farmers Fear For Europe's Bacon With U.S. Trade Deal Despite Dim Prospects, Syrian Exodus To Germany Continues Human rights officials say the Syrian civil war is creating Europe's biggest refugee crisis in decades, but that countries across the continent are doing little about it.<p>Most European nations are refusing to take in Syrian refugees, choosing instead to send money to the United Nations and other international agencies. Fri, 10 Jan 2014 08:00:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 32504 at Despite Dim Prospects, Syrian Exodus To Germany Continues Berlin Clinic Aims To Make Genital Cutting Survivors Feel Whole At a recent sewing class held in Berlin at <a href="" target="_blank">Mama Afrika</a>, which helps immigrants adjust to life in Germany, most of the African and Middle Eastern students feign ignorance when founder Hadja Kaba asks them about female genital mutilation.<p>Turning to one young woman wearing a veil she asks, "Have you been cut?"<p>"Yes," the woman answers, holding up the cloth she is sewing.<p>Kaba tries again. Thu, 02 Jan 2014 21:27:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 32029 at Berlin Clinic Aims To Make Genital Cutting Survivors Feel Whole Berlin's Frenzied Fireworks Have Locals Leaving, Hiding On New Year's Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>New Year's Eve in Berlin is a big draw for tourists from around the world. Revelers pack the streets around the Brandenburg Gate and greet the stroke of midnight with music, champagne and mulled wine. But for many residents of the German capital, the holiday can be a frightening and often dangerous experience. Tue, 31 Dec 2013 21:52:00 +0000 Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson 31919 at