Tom Gjelten en Obama Highlights Challenges Of Balancing Security, Liberty Coverage of President Obama's speech about proposed changes for the National Security Agency continues with more of his comments, plus analysis. Fri, 17 Jan 2014 18:39:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 33044 at Obama To Announce Changes To NSA Surveillance Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>And I'm Steve Inskeep. Good morning. President Obama today is set to announce the changes he would like to make in the way the National Security Agency keeps track of Americans and foreigners. Fri, 17 Jan 2014 11:15:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 32975 at Senate Committee Lays Blame For Benghazi With State Department Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>The Senate Intelligence Committee today delivered its analysis of the 2012 attack on the U.S. diplomatic post in Benghazi, Libya. Four Americans were killed in that attack, including the U.S. ambassador to Libya, Chris Stevens. It's a bipartisan report. Democrats and Republicans on the committee agreed, among other things, that the attack might have been prevented if the State Department had taken better precautions at the Benghazi post.<p>For more on the report, we're joined by NPR's Tom Gjelten. Wed, 15 Jan 2014 22:11:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 32852 at Surveillance Controversy: NSA Versus Tech Companies Transcript <p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>President Obama is expected to announce Friday how he wants to reform surveillance programs run by the National Security Agency. Those previously secret programs were exposed by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. American technology companies are among those pushing hardest for change. Having been caught up in the surveillance controversy, they are braced for battle. NPR's Tom Gjelten dubs that battle the NSA versus the techs.<p>TOM GJELTEN, BYLINE: Here's the conflict. Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:56:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 32655 at Is U.S. Ready Rethink Sept. 11 Security Policies? Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. Good morning. President Obama says he will soon propose changes at the National Security Agency. Former contractor Edward Snowden's disclosure of NSA surveillance programs widespread criticism and prompted a review of the agency's operations by Congress, the courts, and the White House. Thu, 02 Jan 2014 11:04:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 31989 at U.S. Judge Says NSA Phone Data Program Is Legal, Valuable Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel. A stunning court disagreement today over the National Security Agency's mass collection of telephone records. Just one week after a D.C. federal judge found it unconstitutional, New York federal Judge William Pauley determined concluded the opposite. The program, he says, is lawful. Fri, 27 Dec 2013 21:21:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 31707 at Snowden's Document Leaks Shocked The NSA, And More May Be On The Way Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>That lawsuit over NSA surveillance would likely never have happened if former NSA contractor Edward Snowden hadn't leaked classified documents that showed what the agency was doing. Snowden also revealed that the U.S. government was monitoring the communications of foreign leaders, among other secret activities. Tue, 17 Dec 2013 21:43:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 31112 at U.S. Reassesses Relationship With Rebel Groups In Syria Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish. The supply of nonlethal U.S. aid to opposition groups in Syria was suspended this week. That's after Islamist forces raided a warehouse where some of the aid had been stored. The supplies were meant for the U.S. backed Supreme Military Council, but the moderate rebel group has largely been sidelined by more radical elements. NPR's Tom Gjelten reports the U.S. Fri, 13 Dec 2013 23:56:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 30871 at Iran's Nuclear Deal Faces Big Test The nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers will face its first test this weekend. Inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency are due to make a long-delayed visit to a nuclear site in Iran where plutonium could be produced.<p>A nuclear reactor and associated production plant in Arak are a special concern because plutonium can be used in a nuclear bomb. Wed, 04 Dec 2013 10:03:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 30190 at Iran's Nuclear Deal Faces Big Test Long Road Ahead For Permanent Iran Nuclear Deal To Be Reached The Obama administration says one of the most important gains in the Iran nuclear deal is that it will buy time for negotiations on a more permanent agreement. If no such agreement is reached, sanctions that have been suspended could be re-imposed. But analysts say the obstacles to a final agreement are still huge, and it may not be easy to regain the leverage that sanctions have achieved so far. Mon, 25 Nov 2013 21:32:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 29698 at Profit, Not Just Principle, Has Tech Firms Concerned With NSA Along with the privacy advocates and the national security establishment, there is another set of players with strong views on NSA surveillance programs: U.S. tech companies.<p>Google and five other companies weighed in on the surveillance debate last month, sending a letter to members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, supporting legislation to reform National Security Agency surveillance programs.<p>Their intervention was in part prompted by the news that the NSA had apparently managed to penetrate some of their data centers in Europe. Wed, 20 Nov 2013 09:32:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 29380 at Profit, Not Just Principle, Has Tech Firms Concerned With NSA Technology Outpacing Policymakers, Needs Of NSA The controversy over the National Security Agency's surveillance programs has exposed a problem in the oversight of those programs: The development of the relevant technology has outpaced the laws and policies that govern its use.<p>"The technology is moving very fast," says Joel Brenner, a former NSA general counsel. "Legislation moves very slowly. Policy moves pretty slowly. The people who write policy don't always understand technology, and the people who write legislation almost never understand technology. Tue, 19 Nov 2013 07:54:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 29306 at Technology Outpacing Policymakers, Needs Of NSA U.S. Tech Firms May Be Feeling Bite From NSA Spying Reports Recent disclosures about NSA surveillance have affected U.S. relations with allies and tainted America's image around the world. Now the fallout seems to be creeping into the U.S. Fri, 15 Nov 2013 21:25:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 29138 at Intelligence Officials Aim To Pre-Empt More Surveillance Leaks NSA officials are bracing for more surveillance disclosures from the documents taken by former contractor Edward Snowden — and they want to get out in front of the story.<p>In a recent speech, NSA Director Keith Alexander said Snowden may have taken as many as 200,000 NSA documents with him when he left his post in Hawaii. Wed, 13 Nov 2013 23:08:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 28967 at Intelligence Officials Aim To Pre-Empt More Surveillance Leaks Who Gets The Blame For NSA Spying? NSA Says Not Us Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>Over at the NSA, officials say they welcome the president's policy review on surveillance. But they and other intelligence leaders bristle at the idea that they've overstepped their bounds in gathering information, both here and abroad. For months, the NSA has been on the defensive as a result of the Snowden disclosures.<p>NPR's Tom Gjelten says the agency is now trying to get out in front of the story.<p>TOM GJELTEN, BYLINE: It was bad enough when the NSA was getting heat over its surveillance programs from civil libertarians and members of Congress. Wed, 13 Nov 2013 22:07:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 28951 at Partisan Squabbles Raise Questions Over U.S. Global Influence The U.S. performance on the global stage has looked a little rocky in the past few weeks.<p>The Obama administration had to let Russia take a lead in managing the security challenge in Syria. The United States was also embarrassed when allies like Germany, France and Brazil reacted angrily to the news that the National Security Agency had monitored their leaders' communications.<p>Finally, the government shutdown and the congressional fight over the debt ceiling prompted critical comments about U.S. Wed, 23 Oct 2013 22:01:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 27628 at Partisan Squabbles Raise Questions Over U.S. Global Influence You Have Questions About The NSA; We Have Answers Four months have passed since former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden began spilling secrets about the NSA's surveillance programs, but many Americans still don't know what to think about the disclosures.<p>For good reason. The surveillance programs are highly technical, involving the bulk interception of huge volumes of communication data as they traverse multiple links and networks. Sun, 20 Oct 2013 10:12:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 27386 at You Have Questions About The NSA; We Have Answers Are We Moving To A World With More Online Surveillance? Many governments around the world have expressed outrage over the National Security Agency's use of the Internet as a spying platform. But the possible response may have an unforeseen consequence: It may actually lead to more online surveillance, according to Internet experts.<p>Some governments, led most recently by Brazil, have reacted to recent disclosures about NSA surveillance by proposing a redesign of Internet architecture. Wed, 16 Oct 2013 06:56:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 27117 at Are We Moving To A World With More Online Surveillance? Al-Shabab Shifts Focus From Territory To Terrorism Al-Shabab has been around for years as a militia group fighting for territory in Somalia.<p>When al-Shabab militants, dressed in casual clothes, turned up in a ritzy shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, last weekend and gunned down men, women and children, the group shifted from an insurgent movement to a terrorist organization.<p>"A week ago, al-Shabab wasn't in the news," says Bruce Hoffman, a a terrorism expert at Georgetown University and the Rand Corporation. "Arguably, outside of Somalia, no one really cared about them."<p>Yet the group has dominated the headlines this week. Sat, 28 Sep 2013 11:57:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 25958 at The Effects Of The Snowden Leaks Aren't What He Intended An official assessment of the damage caused by news leaks about government surveillance programs suggests that terrorist groups are changing their communication methods in response to the disclosures, according to officials at the National Security Agency.<p>Shortly after former NSA contractor Edward Snowden leaked top-secret documents concerning the agency's foreign surveillance operations, Keith Alexander, director of the NSA, said the disclosures had caused "irreversible and significant damage." He ordered a thorough investigation into how the leaks occurred and what effect they would have Fri, 20 Sep 2013 20:34:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 25473 at The Effects Of The Snowden Leaks Aren't What He Intended Officials: Edward Snowden's Leaks Were Masked By Job Duties More than three months after Edward Snowden revealed details of NSA secret surveillance activities, intelligence officials are still assessing the fallout from the former contractor's disclosures. Wed, 18 Sep 2013 07:19:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 25260 at Officials: Edward Snowden's Leaks Were Masked By Job Duties Firms Brace For Possible Retaliatory Cyberattacks From Syria The prospect of a military strike against Syria in the next few days has private U.S. firms bracing for retaliation — in cyberspace.<p>A group calling itself the <a href="">Syrian Electronic Army</a> has already gone after some U.S. targets, including <em>The New York Times,</em> whose website was taken down for an extended period this week. Fri, 30 Aug 2013 20:55:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 24101 at Firms Brace For Possible Retaliatory Cyberattacks From Syria Leaked Documents Reveal Budget Breakdown Between CIA, NSA Details of the top secret budget of U.S. intelligence agencies have been made public — revealing not only that the nation spends more than $50 billion a year on intelligence but also some detail about how that money is spent. The Washington Post published excerpts of a 2013 budget justification obtained from the former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden. In the past, the total amount spent on intelligence has been declassified by the U.S. government. The document reveals not only which agency spends the money but also what missions are top priority. Thu, 29 Aug 2013 20:51:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 24037 at Proposed Strikes Against Syria May Have Too Narrow A Purpose Transcript <p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. Good morning. I'm David Greene.<p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>And I'm Renee Montagne.<p>A possible strike on Syria could move closer to reality today.<p>GREENE: British Prime Minister David Cameron announced that the U.K. will put a resolution before the U.N. Security Council, quote, "authorizing necessary measures to protect civilians caught up in the civil war there."<p>MONTAGNE: That resolution is almost certain to fail, since Russia is vehemently opposed to any military strike on its ally, Syria. Wed, 28 Aug 2013 08:59:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 23901 at Did Publicizing The Terror Alert In Yemen Help? The partial reopening of the U.S. Embassy in Yemen, which was the focus of a recent terror alert, suggests that the immediate threat of a terrorist attack has passed. Officials cannot be certain whether the alert disrupted planning for a possible attack, whether the threat was a bluff or whether the intelligence that led to the alert was flawed. The issuance of warnings is a specialty within the intelligence community, but the recent episode underscores how much uncertainty surrounds the field. Fri, 23 Aug 2013 21:01:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 23645 at FISA Court: NSA Surveillance Program Was Unconstitutional Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>DAVID GREENE, HOST: <p>And I'm David Greene. Good morning.<p>A previously top-secret exchange between the National Security Agency and the court that oversees its surveillance activities is now public. The NSA yesterday declassified a 2011 ruling in which the court said that one aspect of the NSA's surveillance program was both illegal and unconstitutional. Thu, 22 Aug 2013 08:49:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 23513 at NSA Accused Of Repeatedly Violating Privacy Rules Documents released to the Washington Post by former National Security Agency analyst Edward Snowden show the agency overstepped privacy rules. Fri, 16 Aug 2013 21:03:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 23190 at The Next Disaster Scenario Power Companies Are Preparing For In the 10 years since sagging power lines in Ohio sparked a blackout across much of the Northeastern United States and Canada, utility engineers say they have implemented measures to prevent another such event in the country's electric grid.<p>But there is one disaster scenario for which the power companies are still unprepared: a massive attack on the computer networks that underlie the U.S. Thu, 15 Aug 2013 06:57:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 23049 at The Next Disaster Scenario Power Companies Are Preparing For Which Citizens Are Under More Surveillance, U.S. Or European? The disclosure of of previously secret NSA surveillance programs has been met by outrage in Europe. The European Parliament even threatened to delay trade talks with the United States.<p>Yet U.S. officials have dismissed much of the complaining as hypocrisy. Before the <a href="">House rejected legislation</a> that would have limited the data the NSA can collect last week, U.S. Sun, 28 Jul 2013 09:43:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 21866 at Which Citizens Are Under More Surveillance, U.S. Or European? U.S. Worries NSA Leaker's Files Could Be Hacked The Russian lawyer for NSA leaker Edward Snowden predicts his client will soon get temporary asylum in Russia. Snowden and his allies say his laptops contain files that could be highly damaging to NSA operations. Security experts say it would be challenging but by no means impossible for Russian (or Chinese) cyber technicians to gain access to the files Snowden has with him, in spite of his promises to safeguard them. Fri, 19 Jul 2013 09:42:00 +0000 Tom Gjelten 21316 at